Flora and Fauna

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Flora and Fauna of Nainital; The miscellaneous deciduous forest belt – extends from the ‘bhabar’ area of the foothills to about 4,000 feet and is characteristic of steep, well-drained slopes with high summer temperatures. Pear, lemon, Mango, pomegranate anar, apple, guava are found abundantly in the orchards and the forests boast majestic pine (chir) and oak (banj) trees.

The fishes found in Naukuchiatal include Mahaseer, Barbus (Tor), Putitora (Hamilton). This place is also a veritable birdwatcher’s paradise. Among the rarer species found here are the White-collared Blackbird, Black-Throated Thrush, Rufus-bellied Niltava, Red-winged Shrike-Babbler, Red-billed Leiothrix, Black-headed Sibia and the Himalayan Goldfinch. Wild animals include leopards, wild hares, fox, wild fowl, mountain goats, barking deer, Sambar Deer, Pine Martin, Civet cat, etc. Many varieties of butterflies and insects are also found in the region.

DSC_5703 - CopyDSC_0873 - CopyAsia’s largest butterfly collection preserved by Late Fredrick Smetachek is displayed in Bhimtal.  All the butterflies and moths have been collected from forests around Nainital.